Pronounced like fishing , phishing is a term used to describe a malicious individual or group who scam users. They do so by sending e-mails or creating web pages designed to collect an individual's online bank, credit card, or other login information. Because these e-mails and web pages look legitimate users trust them and enter their personal information. The information below shows examples of phishing attempts and ways to avoid a phishing attack. To those who frequently use online services, these e-mails may appear as if they have come from the company. However, these e-mails are designed to make a user want to click a link that helps them steal personal information such as usernames, passwords, credit card, and personal information.
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Phishing is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information or data, such as usernames, passwords, credit card numbers, or other sensitive details by impersonating oneself as a trustworthy entity in a digital communication. The first recorded use of the term "phishing" was in the cracking toolkit AOHell created by Koceilah Rekouche in ,  however it is possible that the term was used before this in a print edition of the hacker magazine Attempts to prevent or mitigate the impact of phishing incidents include legislation , user training, public awareness, and technical security measures. Most phishing messages are delivered by email, and are not personalized or targeted to a specific individual or company—this is termed "bulk" phishing. Spear phishing involves an attacker directly targeting a specific organization or person with tailored phishing emails. A study showed that accountancy and audit firms are frequent targets for spear phishing owing to their employees' access to information that could be valuable to criminals. Threat Group Fancy Bear used spear phishing tactics to target email accounts linked to Hillary Clinton 's presidential campaign.
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