Although he studied for a business career he received an excellent religious education and, at the elevation of his uncle to the papacy, entered the ecclesiastical state. He became the latter's successor, and owed his election partly to the dissatisfaction of some of the cardinals with the policy of his predecessor. To this could be traced the oath which Barbo swore to at the conclave, but which he rightfully set aside after election, since it was opposed to the monarchial constitution of the Church. Paul II delighted in display. He introduced splendid carnival festivities, built the palace of S.
There have been popes - from St. Peter to Benedict XVI - and they include good popes, bad popes and mediocre popes. But the bad popes are often more interesting. One of them, who was so notorious that he merited his own entry by historian Louis Crompton in glbtq. Innocenzo himself died in Recent studies suggest that a large percentage of Roman Catholic priests are homosexual.
His refusal to pursue reform antagonized some of the cardinals. He next turned his attention to the state of the Bohemian Church, which had been damaged by religious struggles with the Hussites followers of the Bohemian religious reformer Jan Hus. Because the Council of Basel —37 recognized the Hussites as a legitimate church released from papal censureship, Paul strove to abolish the Basel decree.
The practice dates back to ancient Sumeria, where impressions were made in clay in order to track and authenticate transactions. This practice remained unchanged for 4, years. It was adopted by the Romans, who used lead rather than clay. Papal Bulls took on a standardized form, with representations of Saints Peter and Paul pressed into one side of the Bull, and the name of the Pope issuing the decree on the reverse.