For the first half of the last century, homosexuality was widely considered a psychological disorder, caused by poor parenting. Sigmund Freud originated this view with his theory that boys can become homosexual if they have a detached, unaffectionate father or a dominant, emotionally demanding mother. After Freud, psychiatrists viewed homosexuality as a syndrome that could and should be treated and cured. That all began to change with the gay-rights movement in the s. As gay men and lesbians demanded acceptance, psychiatrists began to view homosexuality in a new light.
You may have heard that homosexuality was celebrated in ancient Greece more than any other place and time. Some scholars have even called ancient Athens a gay paradise, where same-sex romance flourished without discrimination and prejudice. However, sexuality was framed very differently in ancient Greece than it is in the modern Western World. In recent years, we have witnessed an undeniable advancement of the LGBT rights through several legal cases and political campaigns.
However, around the early parts of the 17th century, the word began to be associated with immorality. Fast-forward to the 19th century and the word gay referred to a woman who was a prostitute and a gay man was someone who slept with a lot of women ironically enough , often prostitutes. Those were just accepted definitions, along with the other meanings of the word.
LGBT history dates back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality of ancient civilizations , involving the history of lesbian , gay , bisexual and transgender LGBT peoples and cultures around the world. What survives after many centuries of persecution—resulting in shame, suppression, and secrecy—has only in more recent decades been pursued and interwoven into more mainstream historical narratives. This observance involves highlighting the history of the people, LGBT rights and related civil rights movements.